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Association between domestic violence and unintended pregnancies in India: findings from the National Family Health Survey-2 data.
Authors: Begum S, Dwivedi SN, Pandey A, Mittal S.
Source: National Medical Journal of India, 2010 Jul-Aug;23(4):198-200.
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Unintended pregnancy
Country: Asia
Published: JUL 2010
Abstract: Abstract BACKGROUND: Violence against women, especially by their husbands, is a serious public health issue that is associated with physical, reproductive and mental health consequences. The association between physical violence and unintended pregnancies has not been explored in India. METHODS: Data were drawn from the second round of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-2), India conducted in 1998-99. Unintended pregnancy, defined as a pregnancy that was not wanted at the time of conception, was the dependent variable. A set of independent covariates such as age, place of residence, education, working status, religion, standard of living index, type of family, number of surviving sons, use of contraceptive methods, pregnancies terminated and physical mistreatment by the husband were evaluated using a step-wise multiple logistic regression model. RESULTS: Multiple logistic regression analysis showed that women who had been physically mistreated by their husbands were 47% (OR 1.47; 95% CI 1.25-1.72) more likely to experience unintended pregnancies. CONCLUSION: Preventing physical violence against women by their husbands could reduce unintended pregnancies.