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Social Indicators and Physical Abuse of Women by Intimate Partners: A Study of Women in Zambia
Authors: Okenwa, Leah; Lawoko, Stephen
Source: Violence and Victims, Volume 25, Number 2, 2010 , pp. 278-288(11); DOI:
Topic(s): Domestic violence
Country: Africa
Published: APR 2010
Abstract: Abstract: Intimate partner physical abuse (IPPA) of women is a societal problem with sinister implications on health. IPPA has been integrally linked to social status though the direction of association remains elusive, not the least in sub-Saharan Africa. This article investigated the association between IPPA and social status of women in Zambia. Data comprising 3,969 currently partnered women were retrieved from the 2001 Zambian Demographic and Health Survey and analyzed using chi-square test and logistic regression. IPPA augmented with low education, income-generating activity, access to information, autonomy over household health issues, and having tolerant attitudes toward IPPA. Tolerant attitude toward IPPA and illiteracy were independent risk factors for IPPA. Educational interventions are recommended to prevent IPPA in Zambia. Keywords: WOMEN; INTIMATE PARTNER; PHYSICAL ABUSE; SOCIAL STATUS; DHS SURVEYS; ZAMBIA