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Correlates of first dose of measles vaccination delivery and uptake in Indonesia
Authors: Renae Fernandez, Anu Rammohan, Niyi Awofeso
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2, February 2011, Pages 140-145, doi:10.1016/S1995-7645(11)60055-2
Topic(s): Education
Rural-urban differentials
Country: Asia
Published: FEB 2011
Abstract: Abstract Objective To determine health systems-related, familial, and cultural factors which influence the delivery and uptake of measles vaccination in Indonesia. Methods Logistic regression analysis of data collected during the 2007 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey was undertaken by the authors to investigate these factors. The 2007 Indonesian Demographic and Health Survey dataset is a nationally representative, randomly sampled survey containing 15 065 children aged between 9 and 59 months. Results 72.8% of children had received the measles vaccine. Vaccination coverage was similar for males and females; however, coverage was higher amongst urban children, 80.1%, compared to 68.5% in rural areas. The key findings of the regression analysis were congruent with the results of previous research targeting vaccination coverage. After controlling for all other factors, maternal age, maternal education, wealth, the use of a skilled birth attendant, and postnatal check-ups were positively and significantly (P< 0.01) correlated with measles vaccination. The number of children per household was negatively correlated (P<0.01). Conclusions In order to enhance measles vaccination coverage in Indonesia, delivery to, and uptake by, rural and low socio-economic populations require substantial improvements. Mass health education and health systems improvements are also required. Keywords: Measles; Indonesia; Vaccination; Rural-urban differences; Maternal education