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DOES THE SAFE-MOTHERHOOD PROGRAMME REACH THE POOR IN UTTAR PRADESH, INDIA?
Authors: Praveen K. Pathak, and Sanjay K. Mohanty
Source: Asian Population Studies, 6(2):173-191, DOI: 10.1080/17441730.2010.494444
Topic(s): Maternal health
Poverty
Reproductive health
Country: Asia
  India
Published: JUL 2010
Abstract: This paper examines the trends and changes in medical assistance at birth among poor and non-poor mothers in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. It also investigates the relative role of public and private health care providers, and social and economic correlates on the non-use of natal care, as well as reasons for this non-use. Data from three rounds of the National Family Health Survey (NFHS) conducted over the period 1992–2006 were used. The wealth indices are estimated separately for rural and urban areas, and state-specific poverty line cut-off points are used to demarcate the poor and non-poor. Results show that birth assistance by skilled health professionals remained at an abysmal level, particularly for the poor. There had been no significant increase in the use of natal care among poor mothers during the period 1992–2006. Moreover, the increase in birth assistance by medical professionals came largely from private health care providers, and the use of natal care from public health centres had stagnated over the years. Keywords • poverty, • safe motherhood, • poor versus non-poor, • public-private providers, • Uttar Pradesh