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Effect of Individual and Community Factors on Maternal Health Care Service Use in India: A Multilevel Approach
Authors: Awdhesh Yadav, and Ranjana Kesarwani
Source: Journal of Biosocial Science, 48(1):1-19. doi: 10.1017/S0021932015000048.
Topic(s): Health care utilization
Maternal health
Country: Asia
  India
Published: JAN 2016
Abstract: This study aimed to assess empirically the influence of individual and community (neighbourhood) factors on the use of maternal health care services in India through three outcomes: utilization of full antenatal care (ANC) services, safe delivery and utilization of postnatal care services. Data were from the third round of the National Family Health Survey (2005–06). The study sample constituted ever-married women aged 15–49 from 29 Indian states. Multilevel logistic regression analysis was performed for the three outcomes of interest accounting for individual- and community-level factors associated with the use of maternal health care services. A substantial amount of variation was observed at the community level. About 45%, 51% and 62% of the total variance in the use of full ANC, safe delivery and postnatal care, respectively, could be attributed to differences across the community. There was significant variation in the use of maternal health care services at the individual level, with socioeconomic status and mother's education being the most prominent factors associated with the use of maternal health care services. At the community level, urban residence and poverty concentration were found to be significantly associated with maternal health care service use. The results suggest that an increased focus on community-level interventions could lead to an increase in the utilization of maternal health care services in India.