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Complementary feeding practices and child growth outcomes in Haiti: an analysis of data from Demographic and Health Surveys
Authors: Heidkamp RA, Ayoya MA, Teta IN, Stoltzfus RJ, and Marhone JP
Source: Maternal and Child Nutrition, 11(4): 815-28; DOI: 10.1111/mcn.12090
Topic(s): Child health
Nutrition
Country: Latin American/Caribbean
  Haiti
Published: OCT 2015
Abstract: The Haitian National Nutrition Policy identifies the promotion of optimal complementary feeding (CF) practices as a priority action to prevent childhood malnutrition. We analysed data from the nationally representative 2005-2006 Haiti Demographic Health Survey using the World Health Organization 2008 infant and young child feeding indicators to describe feeding practices among children aged 6-23 months and thus inform policy and programme planning. Multivariate regression analyses were used to identify the determinants of CF practices and to examine their association with child growth outcomes. Overall, 87.3% of 6-8-month-olds received soft, solid or semi-solid foods in the previous 24?h. Minimum dietary diversity (MDD), minimum meal frequency (MMF) and minimum acceptable diet (MAD) were achieved in 29.2%, 45.3% and 17.1% of children aged 6-23 months, respectively. Non-breastfed children were more likely to achieve MDD than breastfed children of the same age (37.3% vs. 25.8%; P?