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Regional Pattern of Hysterectomy among Women in India: Evidence From a Recent Large Scale Survey
Authors: Trupti Meher, and Harihar Sahoo
Source: Women & Health, Published online; DOI: 10.1080/03630242.2019.1687634
Topic(s): Family planning
Women's status
Country: Asia
  India
Published: NOV 2019
Abstract: Hysterectomy is one of the major public health issues today. In India, women's attitudes toward menstruation may be a significant driver in seeking hysterectomy. Therefore, we attempted to study the prevalence, associated factors and reasons for hysterectomy among 540,671 ever-married women aged 15-49 years, using data from the National Family Health Survey (NFHS-4) conducted during 2015-16 in India. Univariate, bivariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. These analyses revealed that the prevalence of hysterectomy was 4.1%. The prevalence was highest in the southern region and lowest in the north-eastern regions of India. Results of multivariate models indicated that high parity (odds ratio [OR] 2.84; 95% confidence interval [CI] 2.52-3.19), high body mass index (OR-1.43; 95% CI 1.35-1.51), older age, early age at first cohabitation, and illiteracy were positively associated with hysterectomy. Excessive menstrual bleeding was the leading reason for hysterectomy in this sample. Hysterectomy has exhibited an upward trend over the years. This may exert adverse effects on the physical, socio-psychological and reproductive health of women. Therefore, it is essential to promote high-quality prevention and treatment choices for women, rather than permanent but potentially inappropriate solutions such as hysterectomy. Keywords: Hysterectomy; India; National Family Health Survey; women.