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Evidences from Large-scale Surveys: Trends, Differentials and Determinants of Child Marriage in India
Authors: Sanjay Kumar
Source: Economic and Political Weekly, 55(6)
Topic(s): Child marriage
Country: Asia
  India
Published: FEB 2020
Abstract: Despite the law to prevent child marriage, the practice remains unabated in the country due to deep-rooted social and cultural norms. The cohort analysis of data from the National Family Health Surveys suggests that the prevalence of child marriage was around 58% during the decades of 1970s and 1980s, and it started declining, albeit at a slower pace, reached to 46% by 2000. The first decade of the 21st century witnessed faster decline with 21% of the girls aged 18–23 years marrying below 18 years of age, as per the estimates for the most recent reference period. The assessments of the government’s conditional cash transfer scheme to enhance value of the girl child seem to have influenced the attitudes of the parents, rather eliminating child marriage. The government’s cash transfer schemes needs revamping and is recommended to be routed through the educational system in the form of fellowships for higher studies and, in particular, vocational studies of the girls, rather than disbursing cash incentives to the family of the beneficiary girl.
Web: https://www.epw.in/journal/2020/6/national-family-health-survey-4/trends-differentials-and-determinants-child.html