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Perceived Barriers in Accessing Health Care and the Risk of Pregnancy Complications in Indonesia
Authors: Anissa Rizkianti, Ika Saptarini, and Rika Rachmalina
Source: International Journal of Women’s Health, DOI: 10.2147/IJWH.S310850
Topic(s): Health care utilization
Health equity
Maternal health
Rural-urban differentials
Wealth Index
Country: Asia
Published: AUG 2021
Abstract: Background: Accessing immediate health care during pregnancy is key to preventing and treating pregnancy-related complications, which are the leading cause of maternal morbidity and mortality. As the largest archipelago country in the world, Indonesia faces the challenges of disparity in access to healthcare services across geographical regions and socioeconomic groups. Objective: This study aims to assess the relationship between perceived barriers to accessing health care and the risk of pregnancy-related complications among women of reproductive age in Indonesia. Methods: Data from a nationally representative sample of 15,021 last births within 5 years preceding the 2017 Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey were analyzed to examine barriers in accessing health care and the risk of having complications during pregnancy. The statistical model of logistic regression was used to investigate the effect of barriers on the risk of pregnancy complications, and results were presented as odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence intervals (CIs). Results: The majority of women in Sumatra and Maluku-Papua regions encountered physical, cultural, and financial barriers to accessing health care. The results indicate significantly higher odds of having complications in mothers who had distance barriers (OR: 1.46, 95% CI: 1.20-1.77), relative to mothers who reported no barriers, after adjusting for women's characteristics. Conclusion: The findings suggest that it is necessary to tackle specific physical barriers by providing more developed health-care systems in rural and geographically isolated areas, to bring health services closer to home.