|Magnitude and determinants of breastfeeding initiation within one hour among reproductive women in Sub-Saharan Africa; evidence from demographic and health survey data: a multilevel study|
||Tilahun Yemanu Birhan, Muluneh Alene, Wullo Sisay Seretew and Asefa Adimasu Taddese
||BMC Public Health, Volume 22, issue 1062; DOI:https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-022-13114-y
Multiple African Countries
Early initiation of breastfeeding is one of the most simple and essential intervention for child development and survival in the world. World Health Organization recommended to begin breast milk with one hour after delivery. The objective of this study was to determine the magnitude of early initiation of breastfeeding in Sub-Saharan Africa using DHS data set.
This study was carried out within 32 Sub-Saharan African countries from 2010–2020, a pooled study of early initiation of breastfeeding was performed. For assessing model fitness and contrast, intra-class correlation coefficient, median odds ratio, proportional change in variance, and deviance were used. In order to identify possible covariates associated with early initiation of breastfeeding in the study area, the multilevel multivariable logistic regression model was adapted. Adjusted Odds Ratio was used with 95% confidence interval to declare major breastfeeding factors.
The pooled prevalence of early initiation of breastfeeding in Sub-Saharan Africa countries was 57% (95% CI; 56%—61%), the highest prevalence rate of early initiation of breastfeeding was found in Malawi while the lowest prevalence was found in Congo Brazzaville (24%). In multilevel multivariable logistic regression model; wealth index (AOR?=?1.20; 95% CI 1.16 – 1.26), place of delivery (AOR?=?1.97; 95% CI 1.89 – 2.05), skin-to-skin contact (AOR?=?1.51; 95% CI 1.47 – 1.57), mode of delivery (AOR?=?0.27; 95% CI 0.25 – 0.29), media exposure (AOR?=?1.36; 95% CI 1.31 – 1.41) were significantly correlated with early initiation of breastfeeding in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The magnitude of early initiation of breastfeeding rate was low in Sub-Saharan Africa. Covariates significantly associated with early initiation of breastfeeding was wealth index, place of delivery, mode of delivery, women educational status, and media exposure. Structural improvements are required for women with caesarean births to achieve optimal breastfeeding practice in Sub-Saharan Africa.