Publications Summary

Document Type
Comparative Reports
Publication Topic(s)
Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Ethiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Malawi, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Recommended Citation
Mishra, Vinod, Shane Khan, Li Liu, and Benny Kottiri. 2008. Medical Injection Use and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa. DHS Comparative Reports No. 21. Calverton, Maryland, USA: Macro International
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Publication Date
October 2008
Publication ID


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Small PDF IconMedical Injection Use and HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa (PDF, 290K)
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This report describes the extent of use of medical injections and blood transfusions, characteristics of medical injection users, and associated knowledge and perceptions about how to avoid HIV infection among adult women and men in 10 sub-Saharan African countries. It also examines the association between number of medical injections received and HIV serostatus. The analysis is based on data from eight Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS): Kenya, Ghana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Lesotho, Malawi, Ethiopia, and Zimbabwe, and two AIDS Indicator Surveys (AIS): Tanzania and Uganda, conducted between 2003 and 2006.


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