Yoder, P. Stanley, Noureddine Abderrahim, and Arlinda Zhuzhuni. 2004. Female Genital Cutting in the Demographic and Health Surveys: A Critical and Comparative Analysis. DHS Comparative Reports No. 7. Calverton, Maryland, USA: ORC Macro.
This comparative report summarizes data on FGC from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) implemented between 1989 and
2002. It is intended to make more accessible the basic information on the distribution and practice of FGC and to encourage country-specific analysis of DHS data on FGC. The report describes the types of DHS data available on FGC, outlines some overall patterns in the data and identifies important changes over time. By the end of 2002, there were a total of 20 DHS surveys that included questions on the circumcision status of women. The surveys covered 15 countries in Africa, plus Yemen.
The report also discusses how the specific questions on FGC used in DHS surveys have changed over time (1989 to 2002). There has been variation in how women are asked about their circumcision status and, if circumcised, what type of circumcision
was performed. There has also been variation in the way daughters are identified for purposes of determining circumcision status, and variation in the questions on individual perceptions about FGC.