Castle, Sarah, Rachel Scott, and Soumalia Mariko. 2014. Malaria Prevention and Treatment for Children Under Five in Mali: Further Analysis of The 2012-13 Demographic and Health Survey. DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 93. Rockville, Maryland, USA: ICF International.
Malaria is the primary cause of morbidity and mortality in Mali, across all ages and particularly among children under the age of five. Results from the 2012-13 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) indicate that 52 percent of children aged 6-59 months were infected with malaria at the time of interview (CPS et al 2014), and according to local health information system data, malaria accounted for 53 percent of deaths among children under five years of age in 2009 (MOP 2014).
Mali’s strategic plan to fight malaria for 2013-17 seeks to reduce malaria cases by at least 75 percent in comparison to 2000. The national malaria control strategy focuses on four major interventions to prevent and treat malaria: 1) diagnosis and treatment, 2) sleeping under insecticide-treated mosquito nets, 3) intermittent preventive treatment for pregnant women, and 4) indoor residual spraying (USAID 2014). This descriptive report presents trends in coverage of malaria interventions in these four programmatic areas between the 2006 and 2012-13 DHS surveys, and investigates socio-economic disparities in coverage.