KIS Overview

The Key Indicators Survey (KIS) is designed to help meet the monitoring and evaluation needs of programs involved in population and health activities in developing countries, especially to produce data for small areas (regions, districts, catchment areas) that may be targeted by an individual project, although they can be used in nationally representative surveys as well. The KIS tool includes questionnaires, interviewer’s manuals, guidelines for sampling and a tabulation plan.

KIS Indicators

The questionnaires have been designed to be short and relatively simple, but also to be able to produce indicators comparable to those from a nationally representative Demographic and Health Survey (DHS). Thus, they are population-based (household) survey instruments. The questionnaires are organized around the five strategic objectives of USAID's Office of Global Health: family planning, maternal health, child health, HIV/AIDS, and infectious diseases.  


  1.  Total fertility rate
  2.  Contraceptive prevalence rate
  3.  Birth spacing (36 months or more)
  4.  Births to young mothers (under age 18)
  5.  High parity births (birth order 5 or more)

  6.  Skilled delivery assistance
  7.  Antenatal care from skilled health personnel
  8.  Institutional deliveries

  9.  Childhood immunization coverage
  10.  Oral rehydration use for children with diarrhea
  11.  Safe disposal of children’s stools
  12.  Vitamin A supplementation among children under 5
  13.  Underweight prevalence
  14.  Exclusive breastfeeding of children under 6 months
  15.  Drinking water treatment

  16.  Higher risk sex among women/men 15-49
  17.  Condom use at higher risk sex among women/men 15-49
  18.  Youth sexual experience among women/men 15-19

  19.  Household ownership of insecticide-treated nets
  20.  Use of insecticide-treated nets by children under 5

KIS Questionnaires

The KIS tool includes six questionnaires: a common Household Questionnaire and five individual questionnaires on Family Planning; Maternal Health; Child Health; HIV/AIDS; and Infectious Diseases. These questionnaires cover most of the key Common Indicators included in the five strategic objectives (SO) of USAID's Office of Global Health.

The Household Questionnaire is designed to fit all five types of surveys, with comments for modifications specific to each type. The main purpose of the Household Questionnaire is to collect some basic information about the population—like age, sex, and education—and to identify the individuals who are eligible for interview with each of the other five questionnaires.

Each of the individual questionnaires is focused on particular respondents. The Family Planning, Maternal Health, and Infectious Diseases questionnaires involve interviewing women aged 15-49, while the Child Health questionnaire is designed for parents or caretakers of all children under age five. The HIV/AIDS questionnaire is designed for both women and men aged 15-49.

Each of the KIS questionnaires has color-coded comments to guide users and to help them to adapt the questionnaires for their own purposes.

Type  Respondent  Color  Questionnaire File
Household Any responsible member  Tan KIS-Household.xls [175kb]
Family Planning Women 15-49  Turquoise KIS-FamPlan.xls [164kb]
Maternal Health Women 15-49  Yellow KIS-MatHealth.xls [119K]
Child Health Parent/Caretaker of child under 5  Lavender KIS-ChildHealth.xls [115K]
 HIV/AIDS Women and men 15-49  Red KIS-HIV.xls [215K]
Infectious Disease Women 15-49  Pink KIS-InfDisease.xls [176K]